Econ Active Research Lunch - Lunch @ 11:30, Presentation @ 12 in UH850
Presenter: Anh Ngo
Title: The Two-Child Policy in Vietnam
In 1988, facing a total fertility rate of over four births per woman, the Vietnamese government introduced a new policy that required parents to have no more than 2 children. Using data from the Vietnam Population and Housing Censuses from 1989, 1999, and 2009, I apply a differences-in-differences framework to assess the effects of this policy on family size, son preference, and maternal labor supply. There are three main findings. First, the policy decreased the probability that a woman has more than two children by 15 percentage points (50%) for women aged less than 30 in 1989 and by 7 percentage points (11.5%) for women aged 30-39 in 1989. The policy reduced the average number of living children by 0.2 births per woman (10%). Low-educated women and women in rural areas were affected more by the policy. Second, the policy made it harder for families to practice son preference by decreasing the probability that a woman has at least one son by 3.7 percentage points (4.9%). Third, the policy increased women’s labor force participation by 1.3 percentage points (1.5%).